SDG 13: Climate Action

13.2  Low carbon energy use

This metric is used to understand the carbon footprint of energy use at the university.

Measure the amount of low carbon energy used across the university

Consistent with UGM’s commitment to decrease carbon emissions and energy consumption, UGM has installed several online energy monitoring systems on the campus and in local areas as well as conventional energy meters in each building. These monitoring systems can accommodate on-grid and off-grid PV systems. An annual review of energy usage is also conducted related to the budget plan every year.

13.3 Environmental education measures

Universities need to demonstrate activities around local education projects and collaborations on climate change impacts, mitigation and adaptation, including disaster planning.

Provide local education programmes or campaigns on climate change risks, impacts, mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning

UGM endeavors to attain sustainability through diverse avenues, including the implementation of local educational programs and campaigns addressing climate change. These initiatives receive backing from both governmental support and collaborative efforts with local communities, specifically targeting the local populace.

UGM, in conjunction with the Wukirsari Sub-district Government, engaged in cooperative endeavors with the Bedoyo community to inaugurate the Climate Village Program, commonly known as Proklim. Proklim, a nationwide initiative overseen by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, aims to enhance community engagement and mobilize various stakeholders, including universities, to enhance climate resilience.

Another Proklim took place in Poncosari sub-district, focusing on drought and flood control, improving food security, and campaigning against climate-related diseases to reduce climate change risks.

The Geological Engineering Alumni Family of Universitas Gadjah Mada (Kageogama), in collaboration with the UGM Geological Engineering Department and Student Association, organized Geology Goes To School 2022 to educate the younger generation about the archipelago’s geological wealth and potential natural disasters.

The Faculty of Agricultural Technology at UGM conducted training on drying techniques for empon-empon and herbal plants in Margoyoso Village, Magelang. This community service initiative supports green economy development, focusing on climate change adaptation and mitigation through agricultural strategies like plant canopy strata or agroforestry.

Have a university Climate Action plan, shared with local government and local community groups

UGM has formulated a climate change mitigation action plan in collaboration with local government, industry, and community groups. This plan encompasses preventive measures, representing a community-level anticipatory approach, particularly evident in Salatiga, where it is further reinforced through regulatory adjustments.

The Salatiga City Government, in partnership with UGM, has developed a 2021-2026 Disaster Management Plan (RPB) to mitigate risks. This document outlines threat conditions, vulnerabilities, and strategies for risk reduction, informing policies across different phases and addressing priority disaster issues at various administrative levels.

The Anambas Islands Regency Government, in collaboration with UGM, is proactively addressing environmental impact by considering ecological diversity, population distribution, natural resources, local wisdom, community aspirations, and climate change in the formulation of the Anambas Islands Regency Environmental Protection and Management Plan (RPPLH).

In response to concerns about potential environmental degradation due to urban development in Yogyakarta, the UGM Center for Environmental Studies collaborated with the Yogyakarta City Environmental Agency to prepare the Academic Paper and Draft Regional Regulation for Yogyakarta City in 2023. The proposed regulation incorporates substantive changes, aligning with the Job Creation Law, to address evolving legal and environmental dynamics.

The District Disaster Risk Assessment document, established in 2013 through collaboration between BPBD and UGM, underwent an update in 2019 by BNPB. It has further been augmented with the Siap Siaga document since 2021, representing a collaborative effort to enhance joint anticipatory measures.

Participate in co-operative planning for climate change disasters, that may include the displacement of people both within a country and across borders, working with government

The University actively engages in collaborative planning for climate change-related disasters through intergovernmental cooperation. This active involvement is integral to fulfilling the University’s Tridharma mission, which entails the simultaneous engagement of multiple stakeholders across various regions. This is evident in the University’s contributions to Crisis Management Plans in Makassar and its participation in IFNET 2030 initiatives.

Chairman of FK-KMK UGM’s Disaster Working Group, signed an integrity pact committing to disaster response and health crisis management in Indonesia. This aligns with the Indonesian Ministry of Health’s initiative on Health Reserve Personnel and involves various health organizations and community groups.

Conducted by PKMK FK-KKMK UGM in collaboration with the CDC, this training builds on the 2021 PHEOC Capacity Building activities. In partnership with the South Sulawesi Provincial Health Office, the initiative aims to enhance regional preparedness for public health emergencies by strengthening PHEOC control resources integrated with the Health Office Disaster Management Plan.

UGM conducted a series of socialization events on Indonesia’s Forest and Other Land Use Net Sink (IFNET) 2030, demonstrating the university’s commitment to climate change mitigation. IFNET 2030 is a collaborative effort by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and the Forum of Leaders of Indonesian Forestry Universities (FOReTIKA). The sessions covered various regions and align with UGM’s Tridharma mission.

Inform and support local or regional government in local climate change disaster or risk early warning and monitoring

UGM supports local and regional governments in disaster risk monitoring, including initiatives such as the landslide rapid assessment in Gunungkidul Regency. This assistance involves collaboration between the UGM Research Team, which deploys telemonitoring stations across various regions, and interdisciplinary collaboration among faculties.

A collaborative team comprising members from UGM, BNPB, and BPBD West Bandung Regency implemented the Gama Early Warning System (Gama EWS). This system is specifically designed to observe, detect, and issue early warnings for landslide hazards in Cikahuripan Village, Lembang District.

The research team from UGM’s Sensor and Telecontrol System Laboratory (SSTK), within the Department of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics, is developing an early warning system. This involves deploying seven telemonitoring stations in Banten Province, Central Java, Yogyakarta Special Region, and East Java.

A collaborative team from UGM’s Department of Geodesy Engineering and the Faculty’s Rapid Response Team (TRC) successfully mapped earthquake-affected areas in Cianjur, West Java. The mapping aimed to assess damage to buildings and public facilities, analyze ground movement, and identify relocation areas for residents.

The Center for Natural Disaster Studies (PSBA) at UGM, in collaboration with Bappeda and BPBD of Gunungkidul Regency, conducted a rapid assessment of landslides in Blembem Village, Semin District, and Sambeng Village, Ngawen District. The results serve as a policy brief for the Gunungkidul Regency Government, offering information on physical conditions, incident data, material details, fracture information, and guidance for appropriate handling.

Collaborate with NGOs on climate adaptation

UGM collaborates with various NGOs and institutions, including those affiliated with the World Bank, Japanese research teams, and German NGOs. These collaborations primarily focus on climate adaptation, particularly in the areas of management and strategies for effective response to climate change.

PRCF Indonesia supports joint research by the Dala Institute and Gadjah Mada University (UGM) on climate change adaptation and land governance in Manggala Village, Pinoh Selatan District, Nanga Siyai Village, Menukung District, and Popai Village, Ella Hilir District. This collaborative initiative, affiliated with the World Bank group, involves PRCF, a non-governmental, non-membership, non-profit organization based in the United States.

UGM’s Faculty of Forestry collaborates with the Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS) in a 5-year research project (2022-2026) titled “Strengthening Tropical Forest Resilience through Genetic Resources for Climate Change Adaptation.”

PKMK FK-KMK UGM, in collaboration with Caritas Germany Indonesia, contributed to the 7th Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in Bali (May 23-28, 2022), showcasing Indonesia’s practices globally. As part of this, the Indonesian Government and various organizations organized the Indonesian Resilience House (RRI).

13.4 Commitment to carbon neutral university

Universities need to indicate whether they have already achieved its commitment to be a carbon neutral university or whether they are working on its realization.

Have a target date by which it will become carbon neutral according to the Greenhouse Gas Protocols

In line with The University’s Strategic Plan 2017-2022 regarding Campus Atmosphere Development and Rector’s Decree Number 911 Year 2018 (pg. 8), UGM is dedicated to working towards zero emission campus, one gate campus, and better campus network to achieve UGM’s mission in building a more sustainable environment by 2050. 

To implement the commitment to better manage carbon and reduce carbon dioxide emissions, UGM carried out the campus bicycle program, built a micro hydro power plant, built Solar Power Plant (PLTS), installed solar panels within existing buildings across the campus, and promoted the use of electrical buses as well as electrical motorcycles as a mode of transportation within the campus.

In its commitment to protecting the environment and becoming a Green Hospital, the Water Treatment Plan is one of the solutions used by RSA UGM as an alternative renewable energy which is very useful in saving energy. In its implementation, the working principle of PLTMH RSA UGM requires an aeration process at the WTP, operational 24 hours with an automatic system. Apart from that, it is also necessary to add a turbine generator to the aeration tank, so that it can convert water discharge into mechanical energy. The electrical energy produced by the turbine is stored in a battery using a transformer, then the electricity is applied as needed.

PT Wijaya Karya Tbk (WIKA) is collaborating with the Directorate General of Higher Education (Ditjen Dikti), Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM), and Aisyiah University (Unisa) Yogyakarta to develop clean, new and renewable energy and energy conversion (EBTKE) in the campus environment through the erection of a 2-3 MW Solar Power Plant (PLTS) on the grounds of the UGM Faculty of Engineering

Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) together with an industry called PT Agra Suya Energi, is implementing New Renewable Energy (EBT) by installing solar panels in the campus environment. Therefore, by installing solar panels on the UGM campus, it is hoped that it can increase the use of EBT.

Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) is increasingly determined to realize its dream of becoming a green campus. This is proven by the commitment to install solar power plants (PLTS) in a number of buildings in the campus area in collaboration with PT Pertamina Power Indonesia as a sub-holding of Pertamina Power & New Renewable Energy (Pertamina NRE).

Commitment to carbon neutral achieve by

UGM is dedicated to working towards zero emission campus, one gate campus, and a better campus network to achieve UGM’s mission of building a more sustainable environment by 2050. 

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